Measles spreads easily through the air when an infected person coughs or sneezes. Measles is a health risk for students and staff who have never had measles or have not received recommended measles vaccine doses. Following precautions can prevent the spread of measles.
Measles is a highly contagious disease that is caused by a virus that lives in the nose and throat. The symptoms of measles include:
Measles can lead to serious illnesses, hospitalization, and even death. Serious illnesses include:
Pregnant women, infants, young children, and persons with a weakened immune system are at the most risk for serious illnesses. There is no treatment for measles.
Measles spreads easily through the air when an infected person coughs or sneezes. About 9 out of 10 people who have not had the measles vaccine will get measles if they are exposed to the virus. You can get measles if you share the same air with a person with measles, even up to two hours after the person has left the area. Measles can also spread before the infected person has symptoms.
Some individuals are receiving a quarantine notice because they were exposed to measles, and haven't provided required evidence of immunity. Being in quarantine means living separately from individuals who may not be immune until the end of the incubation period to avoid the spread of the disease. With regard to the current measles case on campus, the incubation period concludes on Tuesday, April 30. Only those individuals who have received a notice from campus officials regarding their exposure to measles need to be quarantined.
The notice requires that all exposed, unvaccinated individuals strictly follow the following set of precautions to protect themselves and reduce the chance that they will spread measles to others:
The notice will remain in effect until:
1) These individuals provide documentation that they received the required number of doses of measles (MMR) vaccine, or
2) These individuals submit results of a blood test that show that they are immune to measles, or
3) These individuals reach the end of the incubation period (April 30, 2019).
As of fall 2019, all incoming UCLA students are subject to an immunization requirement. As such, they will need to provide proof of vaccination to measles (and other conditions outlined by the California Department of Public Health) in order to maintain their enrollment at UCLA.